SULEC is a finite element code that solves the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations for slow creeping flows. The code is developed by Susan Ellis (GNS Sciences, NZ) and Susanne Buiter (NGU). Its current characteristics are:

Tests passed:

Papers using SULEC:

  1. Ellis, S., F. Ghisetti, P. Barnes. C. Boulton, Å. Fagereng, and S. Buiter, 2019, The contemporary force balance in a wide accretionary wedge: numerical models of the south-central Hikurangi margin of New Zealand, Geophysical Journal International, 219, 776-795, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggz317
  2. Biemiller, J., S. Ellis, M. Mizera, T. Little, L. Wallace, L. Lavier, 2019, Tectonic inheritance following failed continental subduction: A model for core complex formation in cold, strong lithosphere, Tectonics, 38, doi: 10.1029/2018TC005383
  3. Fagereng, Å, Diener, J.F.A., Ellis, S., Remitti, F., 2018, Fluid-related deformation processes at the up- and downdip limits of the subduction thrust seismogenic zone: What do the rocks tell us?, in Byrne, T., Underwood, M.B., Fisher, D., McNeill, L., Saffer, D., Ujiie, K., and Yamaguchi, A., eds., Geology and Tectonics of Subduction Zones: A Tribute to Gaku Kimura: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 534, 187–215, doi: 10.1130/2018.2534(12)
  4. Tetreault, J.L., S.J.H. Buiter, 2018, The influence of extension rate and crustal rheology on the evolution of passive margins from rifting to break-up, Tectonophysics, 746, 155-172, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.08.029
  5. Webber, S., Ellis, S., Fagereng, A., 2018, "Virtual shear box" experiments of stress and slip cycling within a subduction interface mélange, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 488, 27-35, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.01.035
  6. Naliboff, J.B., S.J.H. Buiter, G. Peron-Pinvidic, P.T. Osmundsen, J. Tetreault, 2017, Complex fault interaction controls continental rifting, Nature Communications 8, doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00904-x, open access
  7. Ellis, S., Williams, C., Ristau, J., Reyners, M., Eberhart-Phillips, D., Wallace, L., 2016, Calculating regional stresses for northern Canterbury: the effect of the 2010 Darfield earthquake, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59, 202-212, doi: 10.1080/00288306.2015.1123740
  8. Heise, W., S. Ellis, 2016, On the Coupling of Geodynamic and Resistivity Models: A Progress Report and the Way Forward, Surveys in Geophysics, 37, 81-107
  9. Zwaan, F., G. Schreurs, J. Naliboff, and S.J.H. Buiter, 2016, Insights into the effects of oblique extension on continental rift interaction from 3D analogue and numerical models, Tectonophysics 693 part B, 239-260, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.02.036
  10. Cross, A.J., S. Ellis, D.J. Prior, 2015, A phenomenological numerical approach for investigating grain size evolution in ductiley deforming rocks, Journal of Structural Geology, 76, 22-34, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2015.04.001
  11. Ellis, S., A. Fagereng, D. Barker, S. Henrys, D. Saffer, L. Wallace, C. Williams and R. Harris, 2015, Fluid budgets along the northern Hikurangi subduction margin, New Zealand: the effect of a subducting seamount on fluid pressure, Geophysical Journal International, 202, 277-297, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv127
  12. Misra, S., S. Ellis, N. Mandal, 2015, Fault damage zones in mechanically layered rocks: The effects of planar anisotropy, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(8), 5432-5452, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011780
  13. Naliboff, J. and Buiter, S.J.H., 2015, Rift reactivation and migration during multiphase extension, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 421, 58,-67, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.03.050
  14. Ellis, S., W. Heise, W. Kissling, P. Villamor, G. Schreurs, 2014, The effect of crustal melt on rift dynamics: case study of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 57, 453-458, doi: 10.1080/00288306.2014.972961
  15. Ghazian, R.K. and Buiter, S.J.H., 2014, Numerical modelling of the role of salt in continental collision: An application to the southeast Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Tectonophysics, 632, 96-110, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.06.006
  16. Quinquis, M.E.T. and Buiter, S.J.H., 2014, Testing the effects of basic numerical implementations of water migration on models of subduction dynamics, Solid Earth 5, 537-555, doi: 10.5194/se-5-537-2014, online open access
  17. Ghazian, R.K. and Buiter, S.J.H., 2013, A numerical investigation of continental collision styles, Geophysical Journal International 193, 1133-1152, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt068
  18. Buiter, S.J.H., 2012, A review of brittle compressional wedge models, Tectonophysics 530-531, 1-17, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2011.12.018
  19. Crameri, F., Schmeling, H., Golabek, G.J., Duretz, T., Orendt, R., Buiter, S.J.H., May, D.A., Kaus, B.J.P., Gerya, T.V., Tackley, P.J., 2012, A comparison of numerical surface topography calculations in geodynamic modelling: An evaluation of the 'sticky air' method, Geophysical Journal International 189, 38-54, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05388.x
  20. Grigull, S., Ellis, S.M., Little, T.A., Hill, M.P., Buiter, S.J.H., 2012, Rheological constraints on quartz derived from scaling relationships and numerical models of sheared brittle-ductile quartz veins, central Southern Alps, New Zealand, Journal of Structural Geology 37, 200-222, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2012.01.006
  21. Tetreault, J.L. and Buiter, S.J.H., 2012, Geodynamic models of terrane accretion: Testing the fate of island arcs, oceanic plateaus, and continental fragments in subduction zones, Journal of Geophysical Research 117, B08403, doi: 10.1029/2012JB009316
  22. Ellis, S.M., Little, T.A., Wallace, L.M., Hacker, B.R., Buiter, S.J.H., 2011, Feedback between rifting and diapirism can exhume ultrahigh-pressure rocks, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 311, 427-438, doi: doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.09.031
  23. Quinquis, M.E.T., Buiter, S.J.H., S. Ellis, 2011, The role of boundary conditions in numerical models of subduction zone dynamics, Tectonophysics 497, 57-70, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2010.11.001